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Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. If you are facing a tooth extraction, it can seem a little daunting and nerve-wrecking. We aim to make this a tooth extraction fairly simple and as possibly comfortable. To help you prepare for your upcoming procedure, our clinicians explain you the procedure in detail and all associated risks to help you make an informed decision.

When Is Tooth Extraction Necessary?

In many cases, teeth that are broken or damaged by decay can be fixed with a filling, crown, or other dental treatment. Sometimes, though, the damage is extensive and beyond repair, so your dentist will recommend extraction.


Before removing a tooth, your dentist will thoroughly review your medical and dental history and take the appropriate X-rays. X-rays reveal the tooth’s length, shape, and position and surrounding bone. From this information, your dentist can estimate the degree of difficulty of the procedure and decide whether to refer you to an oral surgeon.

Before removal during a simple extraction, the area around your infected tooth will be numbed using local anaesthetic. However, during a more complicated removal, called a surgical extraction, your dentist can refer you to a hospital or an in-house oral surgeon.

Tooth Extraction Process

There are two types of extractions you might have:

  1. simple extraction is performed on a tooth seen in the mouth. It’s common for a general dentist to perform simple extractions. During a simple extraction, your dentist will numb the tooth and gum tissue and loosen the tooth with an instrument called an elevator before removing it with dental forceps.
  2. surgical extraction is a more complex procedure used for a tooth that may have broken off at the gum line or has not come into the mouth yet; we call it impacted. Oral surgeons usually perform surgical extractions. However, they can also be done by general dentists. During a surgical extraction, the doctor will make a small incision (cut) into your gum and remove the underlying tooth. Sometimes they must remove some of the bone around the tooth or cut it in half to extract it.
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